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This paper provides an overview of the global situation of maritime transport of vehicles with data and information on the volumes, routes and port-logistic activities connected to these.
To this end, it will be illustrated which strategies carriers are deploying in order to face the new challenges of the market while keeping efficiency at the centre of their attention. Based on these data, some forecasts will be elaborated on trade flows and routes along which this kind of traffic is currently concentrating.
The report is carried out by SRM with the collaboration of the Port Network Authority of North Tyrrenian Sea.
The research analyses Automotive industry at Italian and international level, with a reference to the overall import-export and maritime market that the port of Livorno serves. In the second part, the study focuses on the maritime transport of vehicles – in particular new cars – and the role of terminals in the automotive supply chain.
This paper is available only in the Italian version.
In the last twenty years, globalization has fostered a progressive fragmentation of production, making transport and logistics a strategic field. Until now, road has played the lion part in European transport system, leading to a modal unbalancing. This has produced an increase in negative externalities and variable cost, questioning this solution for inland connections. The European Union indicates a modal shift in favor of sea-rail transport as a possible solution. Therefore, quality and efficiency of sea and rail services, to be competitive, should be the same of road solution. Notwithstanding general acceptance of sea-rail advantages, this solution is not common in European markets, in the case of Italy it is still rare and even ignored by public institutions and academia. This paper aims at studying sea-rail intermodal transport in Ro-Ro market and assessing the competitiveness of Trieste port in the European scenario. The result is achieved through a performance index estimation, based on the principle components analysis (PCA), that ranks the relative position of each Ro-Ro-Rail seaport. Trieste case study is reviewed also to learn from its success and to find critical factors for sea-rail implementation projects in the Italian and European context.