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Global alliances have become a dominant feature of container shipping. They are cooperation agreements between container lines (carriers) on operational matters. Alliances usually consist of a series of agreements with global coverage on sharing vessels and slots on these vessels. The aim of such alliances is to achieve economies of scale and wider service coverage.
Whereas the early generations of global alliances that emerged in the mid-1990s pro-vided a vehicle for cooperation between smaller carriers, alliances are nowadays co-operation tools for the largest container lines: the three global alliances (2M, Ocean and THE Alliance) that are operational since April 2017 regroup the eight largest con-tainer carriers of the world.
The research is available only in the English version.