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This section, dedicated to port and shipping activities, includes research papers, focus articles, and interviews with Italian and foreign industry leaders. The ports are assessed from the point of view of their economic impact on the territory in which they are located, and of their appeal in terms of investments and the international competitiveness of their infrastructures. The ship-owning industry is analysed through research papers and comparisons between Italian and foreign industry players. Special emphasis will also be placed on the insurance sector.

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Showing 1–10 of 24 results

Sea-rail intermodality in the European Ro-Ro market: the case of Trieste port

In the last twenty years, globalization has fostered a progressive fragmentation of production, making transport and logistics a strategic field. Until now, road has played the lion part in European transport system, leading to a modal unbalancing. This has produced an increase in negative externalities and variable cost, questioning this solution for inland connections. The European Union indicates a modal shift in favor of sea-rail transport as a possible solution. Therefore, quality and efficiency of sea and rail services, to be competitive, should be the same of road solution. Notwithstanding general acceptance of sea-rail advantages, this solution is not common in European markets, in the case of Italy it is still rare and even ignored by public institutions and academia. This paper aims at studying sea-rail intermodal transport in Ro-Ro market and assessing the competitiveness of Trieste port in the European scenario. The result is achieved through a performance index estimation, based on the principle components analysis (PCA), that ranks the relative position of each Ro-Ro-Rail seaport. Trieste case study is reviewed also to learn from its success and to find critical factors for sea-rail implementation projects in the Italian and European context.

The paper is available in the english version.


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The European Port Labour in the Context of Global Supply Chains. Empirical Findings From the Port of Genoa

This paper (Italian version) gives the first empirical results of an ongoing research on the dynamics of the European port labour in comparative perspective. Starting from the analysis of the documentation obtained through the use of qualitative methods in the port of Genoa, the article focuses on the relationship between the role of the actors who control large segments of the supply chains and their ability to shape the structure of the port labour. The proven strategies of the major market players, in the pursuit of economies of scale in the context of global supply chains, produce pressure on the port of Genoa, which would alter not only the technical configuration of the terminal, but the functioning of the labor pool itself, constrained in the use of external resources. The flexibility processes generated by the merger of trade sanction a shift that calls into question the role of institutional constraints with respect to the port performance and the European port labor systems. In the light of a comparison with the port of Antwerp, this paper provides a recognition of the theoretical framework necessary to interpret the behaviour of port actors and to assess the existence of beneficial constraints both for port actors and for the contractual system of port labour.


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Green Shipping and Green Logistics: How Overcoming Difficulties?

In literature review, it’s shared that a greater attention should be devoted to environment by people, institutions and companies, and particularly to green logistics and green shipping. For this purpose, intermodal transport is recognized as one of the possible alternatives to the congestion, which returns a key task to ports. The port thus stands out as a central element in affirming the sustainability in logistics. An empirical analysis on two major international companies operating in the field of logistics and transport, through the determination of the Added Value of Sustainability (SVA) highlights the need to still make serious efforts to achieve full implementation of green shipping and green logistics.

The paper is available in the Italian version.

 


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Maritime and logistic presence of China in the Med & Gulf Area: from a transit sea to a strategic sea

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The paper highlights the role of China in maritime traffics and logistics of the Widened Med Countries. The Mediterranean Basin, in fact, is becoming increasingly strategic for the Asian giant, as evidently showed by the analysis of the investment plans of China in the Med Area. More in general, the Asian giant plans to establish a new “Silk Road”, both maritime and on rail, with the objective of promoting its role in global trade, of integrating more the Euro-Asian markets and of finding new openings for its productions. The impact that this great project is going to have on the port system and the logistics of the Mediterranean and Italy is going to be massive: it is going to inevitably favour those Countries that are able to offer high port efficiency and cutting edge logistics; this represents an important challenge for Italy.

This paper is extracted from the SRM’s 6th Annual Report on “Economic relations between Italy and the Mediterranean area – November 2016″.

The research (English and Italian version) may be purchased from this website in digital version, at a discounted price.


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Hanjin: a changing maritime scenario

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Hanjin Shipping filed for bankruptcy protection Aug. 31, 2016, after months of trying to raise liquidity and restructure its debt, triggering a mad scramble by shippers to locate and gain control of their containers. Hanjin vessels have been arrested and ports are refusing to work Hanjin ships for fear they will not be compensated. Hanjin Shipping’s collapse is by far the largest container shipping bankruptcy in history and the consequences will continue to reverberate throughout international supply chains and the transportation sector.

The research (Italian version) may be purchased from this website in digital version, at a discounted price.


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The port of Antwerp and the Northern-European future maritime economic development

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This research is dedicated to the ports of the Northern Range. This articlee, produced thanks to a collaboration between SRM, the University of Antwerp and Kuhne Logistics University of Hamburg, is divided into thre sections: a) the first and more markedly statistical part, is dedicated to showing the importance of the port of Antwerp in the Belgian economy. This is done through the application of the input-output matrix; b) the second part illustrates the economic impact of the ports of Rotterdam and Hamburg on the Northern Range area and carries out a comparaison with Antwerp; c) the last part is mainly focused on the developments these reports could implement following the inauguration of the new Panama Canal.

The research (English version) may be purchased from this website in digital version, at a discounted price.

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The Economic Effects of the Expansion of the Panama Canal on Maritime Trade

The purpose of the paper is to highlight the perspectives and the economic benefits that the expansion of the Panama Canal will entail for the transport and the logistics industry at world level and in the Mediterranean. The consequences linked to this expansion will in fact be considerable. The paper also proposes a cost comparison between the main competing routes, the implications for cargo and trades and the composition of the global market. From North America, Latin America, Europe to Asia in fact, suddenly many nations will see the opening of alternative naval routes to access the markets.

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The governance of corporate social responsibility in port logistics

This paper aims to explore opportunities and modalities regarding corporate social responsibility of port logistics, in order to improve attractiveness and competitiveness of sea supply chains, almost paradoxically also in the perspective of increasing the traffics managed by global logistic players. In particular, beyond the traditional determinants of sea-ports’ efficiency, the study identifies the integration of processes among the different agents involved in the maritime supply chain as the keystone to increase the levels of efficacy, responsibility, and competitiveness. Important contributions for the integration is played firstly by the digitalization of seaport-related activities, but also by the evolution of sea-terminals towards a ‘social supply chain management’ approach, as a consequence of the implementation of corporate social responsibility practices in single nodes. A case study has been conducted on the Port of Venice, which has been compared with three important sea-terminals of Southern Italy: Naples, Gioia Tauro, and Bari.


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Accessibility and ports system: functional and strategic relationships for a local development of Apulia

It has been given an important role in development policies and urban regeneration to the accessibility and to the renewed interest in the growth of trade routes in the Mediterranean Sea, concurrently with the development of cruise tourism and the awareness about the necessary implementation of green policies. Lately, in this context, a strategic role has been played by Apulian ports (Bari, Brindisi and Taranto) which have tried to adopt the principles of environmental sustainability and have allowed firms to exercise significant leadership functions by implementing a good interaction, although it isn’t complete yet, between port system and economic system, through the authorities and the local political institutions. The goal to be undertaken is the consideration of accessibility in Apulia which, as it’s known, doesn’t concern only the presence of natural factors. Therefore, for a proper economic and social development, we can’t ignore the observation and analysis of the environmental and cultural reality in which systems identified are included, because it helps to un-derstand if there are favorable conditions in the environment or impediments to its development.


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Vessel Sharing Agreement, Threat or Opportunity for Southern Italy Ports?

This report aims to analyze the influence of the so called “alliances” of container shipping companies, at global level, and their related impacts on the Italian port system and in particular on the maritime economy of the Mezzogiorno. In specific, the study will consider the full container liner services that have called the Italian ports before the entry into the scene of the two main alliances 2M and O3, on the global maritime market, and will be compared with the new services that are active from February 2015. These data allow to conduct a deep and structured study on a very timely topic: the adaptation of the physical and management structures of the Italian ports to the new types of ships. The so-called Vessel Sharing Agreements (VSA) have been and are still a strategic instrument adopted by major worldwide carriers in order to optimize the use of vessels and simultaneously reducing transport costs of the principal world routes.


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