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This section, dedicated to port and shipping activities, includes research papers, focus articles, and interviews with Italian and foreign industry leaders. The ports are assessed from the point of view of their economic impact on the territory in which they are located, and of their appeal in terms of investments and the international competitiveness of their infrastructures. The ship-owning industry is analysed through research papers and comparisons between Italian and foreign industry players. Special emphasis will also be placed on the insurance sector.

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Showing 1–10 of 29 results

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: financing big projects from Asia to Europe

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In this paper SRM analyses the role of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). This is a multilateral financial institution led by China and created for promoting economic integration and interdependence in the Asian region as well as for liaising closely with other multilateral development banks such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. The main objective of the bank is to finance the development of infrastructure in Asia and nearby regions. At first, in fact, it was designed as an instrument mainly aimed at supporting the projects of the One Belt One Road Initiative (OBOR) however, its mission was then expanded. The essay provides a detailed analysis of this process.

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The New Silk Road: logistics disruption in the North-West European port system?

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The New Silk Road is strongly related to China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative. This is a broad initiative including rail and maritime connections between China and Europe and a related investment portfolio in logistics infrastructure, such as investment in seaports and in warehousing. In this paper we present the New Silk Road and compare this initiative with the container landbridge initiatives of the 1980s. We indicate how the New Silk Road can be compared to alternative routes like deep-sea, air-cargo and innovative solutions like unmanned cargo aircrafts. In addition we relate the New Silk Road with scenario’s related to re-export and broader investment schemes. Also the impact on port volumes will be discussed. The paper concludes with the impact on possible structural disruptions in the North-West European port system.

This paper is available only in the English version.

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Current Status and Trend of China’s Port Infrastructure Construction

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This paper, provided by Shanghai International Shipping Institute, represents the point of view of China on the One Belt One Road Initiative (OBOR) with special attention to its maritime part known as Maritime Silk Road. For instance, in 2016 investment in the huge ports of this country amounted to approximately $18.6 billion.

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Sustainable ports. Why ports redefine their strategies to better take into consideration their environmental and societal impacts

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This paper, edited by the University of Hamburg, deals with an innovative topic, “sustainable ports”. In this contribution it is argued that development strategies for a sustainable future of ports need to be exclusively elaborated by thoroughly evaluating the economic activities carried out in ports, their potential on the market and  external costs linked to them. Ports need to adjust their strategy within a sustainable framework and distribute their resources with the aim of maximising the generation of value in the long term. It is also important to find smart ways of reducing the impact on the environment, especially if the port is nestled in a city. This is the only way for port communities and urban centres to coexist and develop simultaneously.

The paper is available only in the English version.

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The global scenario. Strengths, weaknesses and progress of globalisation at the beginning of 21st Century

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This paper is important to gain an understanding of the general context in which we are operating. Globalisation has surely benefited many countries since in the years of its success there was an increase in the average income. Globalisation also contributed to the reduction of general poverty. Forecasts show that despite protectionism, globalisation will not stop and in fact it has now moved to an advanced stage where emerging economies such as China generate new flows of FDIs and new economies (i.e. African countries) attract capital from all over the world.

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Sea-rail intermodality in the European Ro-Ro market: the case of Trieste port

In the last twenty years, globalization has fostered a progressive fragmentation of production, making transport and logistics a strategic field. Until now, road has played the lion part in European transport system, leading to a modal unbalancing. This has produced an increase in negative externalities and variable cost, questioning this solution for inland connections. The European Union indicates a modal shift in favor of sea-rail transport as a possible solution. Therefore, quality and efficiency of sea and rail services, to be competitive, should be the same of road solution. Notwithstanding general acceptance of sea-rail advantages, this solution is not common in European markets, in the case of Italy it is still rare and even ignored by public institutions and academia. This paper aims at studying sea-rail intermodal transport in Ro-Ro market and assessing the competitiveness of Trieste port in the European scenario. The result is achieved through a performance index estimation, based on the principle components analysis (PCA), that ranks the relative position of each Ro-Ro-Rail seaport. Trieste case study is reviewed also to learn from its success and to find critical factors for sea-rail implementation projects in the Italian and European context.

The paper is available in the english version.


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The European Port Labour in the Context of Global Supply Chains. Empirical Findings From the Port of Genoa

This paper (Italian version) gives the first empirical results of an ongoing research on the dynamics of the European port labour in comparative perspective. Starting from the analysis of the documentation obtained through the use of qualitative methods in the port of Genoa, the article focuses on the relationship between the role of the actors who control large segments of the supply chains and their ability to shape the structure of the port labour. The proven strategies of the major market players, in the pursuit of economies of scale in the context of global supply chains, produce pressure on the port of Genoa, which would alter not only the technical configuration of the terminal, but the functioning of the labor pool itself, constrained in the use of external resources. The flexibility processes generated by the merger of trade sanction a shift that calls into question the role of institutional constraints with respect to the port performance and the European port labor systems. In the light of a comparison with the port of Antwerp, this paper provides a recognition of the theoretical framework necessary to interpret the behaviour of port actors and to assess the existence of beneficial constraints both for port actors and for the contractual system of port labour.


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Green Shipping and Green Logistics: How Overcoming Difficulties?

In literature review, it’s shared that a greater attention should be devoted to environment by people, institutions and companies, and particularly to green logistics and green shipping. For this purpose, intermodal transport is recognized as one of the possible alternatives to the congestion, which returns a key task to ports. The port thus stands out as a central element in affirming the sustainability in logistics. An empirical analysis on two major international companies operating in the field of logistics and transport, through the determination of the Added Value of Sustainability (SVA) highlights the need to still make serious efforts to achieve full implementation of green shipping and green logistics.

The paper is available in the Italian version.

 


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Maritime and logistic presence of China in the Med & Gulf Area: from a transit sea to a strategic sea

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The paper highlights the role of China in maritime traffics and logistics of the Widened Med Countries. The Mediterranean Basin, in fact, is becoming increasingly strategic for the Asian giant, as evidently showed by the analysis of the investment plans of China in the Med Area. More in general, the Asian giant plans to establish a new “Silk Road”, both maritime and on rail, with the objective of promoting its role in global trade, of integrating more the Euro-Asian markets and of finding new openings for its productions. The impact that this great project is going to have on the port system and the logistics of the Mediterranean and Italy is going to be massive: it is going to inevitably favour those Countries that are able to offer high port efficiency and cutting edge logistics; this represents an important challenge for Italy.

This paper is extracted from the SRM’s 6th Annual Report on “Economic relations between Italy and the Mediterranean area – November 2016″.

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Hanjin: a changing maritime scenario

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Hanjin Shipping filed for bankruptcy protection Aug. 31, 2016, after months of trying to raise liquidity and restructure its debt, triggering a mad scramble by shippers to locate and gain control of their containers. Hanjin vessels have been arrested and ports are refusing to work Hanjin ships for fear they will not be compensated. Hanjin Shipping’s collapse is by far the largest container shipping bankruptcy in history and the consequences will continue to reverberate throughout international supply chains and the transportation sector.

The research (Italian version) may be purchased from this website in digital version, at a discounted price.


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